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Biscuter | Cartype

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Biscuter (Spanish spelling for the pronunciation of Biscooter) was a microcar manufactured in Spain throughout the mid-Twentieth century.

Background.
Uncooked materials shortages and normal financial difficulties in Europe following the Second World Struggle made very small, economical automobiles common in lots of nations. In Spain the state of affairs was sophisticated by Common Francisco Franco’s authoritarian authorities, which was disliked by many Western and Communist states as a remnant of Fascism. Consequently, Spain’s financial system was comparatively remoted from the developed world. It operated at a decrease financial degree than the remainder of Western Europe, and was compelled to develop home substitutes for hard-to-get imported merchandise and applied sciences. The Biscuter, tiny, easy, and low-cost even by microcar requirements, was a product of this surroundings and was nicely suited to its time and market.

Origins.
The automobile really had its origins in France within the late Forties, the place plane designer Gabriel Voisin had designed a minimal automobile known as the Biscooter. The playful identify implied that it was in regards to the measurement of two motorscooters, or a scooter with 4 wheels. The design drew no curiosity from both producers or customers there, nonetheless, and he ultimately licensed it to Spanish agency Autonacional S.A. of Barcelona. By the point it was launched in 1953, the marque had been hispanicized to Biscuter. The primary automobile had no formal mannequin identify and was known as merely the Sequence 100, however it quickly turned generally known as the Zapatilla, or little shoe, after a low-heeled peasant slipper common on the time.

Technical info.
The Zapatilla was minimal certainly, with no doorways or home windows or reverse gear. The 1 cylinder, 197 cc, two-stroke motor produced 9 horsepower (7 kW), had a crank starter, and drove solely the precise entrance wheel. Braking was by an uncommon three-point system involving the transmission and cable ties to the 2 rear wheels. One genuinely superior characteristic was an all-aluminum physique, though metal was later used.

Historical past.
Biscuter flourished for about ten years and the automobiles turned a typical sight on Spanish roads, in addition to part of common tradition. (“Ugly as a Biscuter” was a typical joke.) Facilities reminiscent of doorways and home windows did ultimately seem, and several other completely different bodystyles have been produced, together with vehicles, a sublime woodie station wagon, and a toy-like sports activities automobile known as the Pegasun (little Pegaso).

The auto agency Fiat had been allowed by the Spanish authorities to arrange a subsidiary known as SEAT in 1950, however at first even probably the most cheap of its Italian designs have been thought-about luxurious automobiles, out of attain of the common Spanish shopper. As time went on and a higher diploma of prosperity developed, although, SEATs started to take extra of the market and crowd out the cheaper marques. By the early 60s, Biscuter gross sales and manufacturing stopped, after a complete manufacturing run of about 12,000. It’s thought that nearly all the automobiles have been ultimately scrapped.

At present.
Now Biscuters are principally museum curiosities, though like many vanished marques they’ve some following amongst auto fanatics. The identify is little-known exterior Spain, nonetheless, and most supplies pertaining to it are in Spanish. Their excessive rarity makes it doubtless that any surviving instance can be a real collectible, though in all probability not one in all an especially excessive worth.

(textual content supply: Wikipedia)

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Biscuter Boy emblem. (©Photograph by Segura)

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autonacional emblem s
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Biscuter gauge cluster. (©Photograph by Segura)

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Biscuter gauge cluster and horn “B” emblem. (©Photograph by Quim Massana)

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Biscuter gauge cluster. (©Photograph by Quim Massana)

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Biscuter. (©Photograph by Quim Massana)

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Biscuter. (©Photograph by Quim Massana)

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Biscuter footwell “Autonacional Voisin” emblem. (©Photograph by Quim Massana)


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