Icariin attenuates excessive alcohol consumption-induced susceptibility to atrial fibrillation through SIRT3 signaling.

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Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis. 2022 Oct 1 ;1868(10):166483. Epub 2022 Jul 5. PMID: 35798229

Abstract Title: 

Icariin attenuates excessive alcohol consumption-induced susceptibility to atrial fibrillation through SIRT3 signaling.

Abstract: 

Excessive alcohol consumption has long been identified as a risk factor for adverse atrial remodeling and atrial fibrillation (AF). Icariin is a principal active component from traditional Chinese medicine Herba Epimedii and has been demonstrated to exert potential antiarrhythmic effect. The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of icariin against alcohol-induced atrial remodeling and disruption of mitochondrial dynamics and furthermore, to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Excessive alcohol-treated C57BL/6 J mice were infected with serotype 9 adeno-associated virus (AAV9) carrying mouse SIRT3 gene or negative control virus. Meanwhile, icariin (50 mg/kg/d) was administered to the animals in the presence or absence of AAV9 carrying SIRT3 shRNA. We noted that 8 weeks of icariin treatment effectively attenuated alcohol consumption-induced atrial structural and electrical remodeling as evidenced by reduced AF inducibility and reversed atrial electrical conduction pattern as well as atrial enlargement. Furthermore, icariin-treated group exhibited significantly enhanced atrial SIRT3-AMPK signaling, decreased atrial mitoSOX fluorescence and mitochondrial fission markers, elevated mitochondrial fusion markers (MFN1, MFN2) as well as NRF-1-Tfam-mediated mitochondrial biogenesis. Importantly, these beneficial effects were mimicked by SIRT3 overexpression while abolished by SIRT3 knockdown. These data revealed that targeting atrial SIRT3-AMPK signaling and preserving mitochondrial dynamics might serve as the novel therapeutic strategy against alcohol-induced AF genesis. Additionally, icariin ameliorated atrial remodeling and mitochondrial dysfunction by activating SIRT3-AMPK signaling, highlighting the use of icariin as a promising antiarrhythmic agent in this circumstance.

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